Camponotus lubbocki

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Camponotus lubbocki
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Subgenus: Myrmosaga
Species: C. lubbocki
Binomial name
Camponotus lubbocki
Forel, 1886

Camponotus lubbocki casent0101518 profile 1.jpg

Camponotus lubbocki casent0101518 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

Camponotus lubbocki commonly occurs in montane shrubland and montane rainforests in the northeast, central, and southern high plateau of Madagascar. The species is rarely known from rainforests and the transitional forest between spiny and dry forests. Across this mountainous region, the species nests mostly in the ground, in root mats in the ground, and under moss on the ground, but occasionally nests in rotten logs and under stones. (Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2018)

Identification

In full-face view, lateral margin of head anterior to eye level diverging posteriorly; anterior clypeal margin truncate; no white spot on dorsum of second and third abdominal tergites; body color black; antennal scape without erect hairs, propodeal dorsum slightly concave. (Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2022)

Camponotus lubbocki might be confused with Camponotus liandia but the latter has a broadly convex anteromedian margin of the clypeus. It looks similar to Camponotus immaculatus and Camponotus kelimaso because they too lack white spots on the second and third abdominal segments, but in C. immaculatus the propodeal dorsum is transversely concave and in C. kelimaso the eyes are small and the posterior cephalic margin is approximately straight.

Forel (1912) originally placed C. lubbocki under the subgenus Myrmosaga, which was later synonymized by Emery (1925) under Mayria (see also Rakotonirina and Fisher 2018). Whereas this species was recently redescribed under Mayria, it is morphologically similar to those within Myrmosaga because of its broadly projected rectangular clypeus that is medially carinate, and a more or less anteroposteriorly flattened petiolar node. The subgenus Mayria is characterized by the clypeus that has no median carina, but with a rounded anterior margin, and a nodiform petiole. Therefore, C. lubbocki was moved back to the subgenus Myrmosaga by Rakotonirina & Fisher (2022).

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -12.616667° to -24.24067°.

   
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Malagasy Region: Madagascar (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Castes

Worker

Queen

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • lubbocki. Camponotus lubbocki Forel, 1886f: 186 (w.) MADAGASCAR.
    • Forel, 1891b: 61 (q.); Forel, 1891b: 216 (s.).
    • Combination in C. (Myrmosaga): Forel, 1912i: 92;
    • combination in C. (Mayria): Emery, 1925b: 123.
    • Status as species: Forel, 1891b: 60 (redescription), 216; Dalla Torre, 1893: 240; Emery, 1896d: 374 (in list); Forel, 1907g: 91; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 1046; Emery, 1925b: 123; Bolton, 1995b: 109; Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2018: 35 (redescription).
    • Senior synonym of christoides Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2018: 35.
    • Senior synonym of rectus Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2018: 35.
  • christoides. Camponotus lubbocki r. christoides Forel, 1891b: 61 (w.) MADAGASCAR.
    • Combination in C. (Mayria): Emery, 1925b: 123.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 224.
    • Subspecies of lubbocki: Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 240 (footnote); Emery, 1896d: 374 (in list); Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 1046; Emery, 1925b: 123; Bolton, 1995b: 92.
    • Junior synonym of lubbocki: Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2018: 35.
  • rectus. Camponotus lubbocki var. rectus Forel, 1891b: 217 (w.) MADAGASCAR.
    • Combination in C. (Mayria): Emery, 1925b: 123.
    • Subspecies of lubbocki: Dalla Torre, 1893: 240; Emery, 1896d: 374 (in list); Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 1046; Emery, 1925b: 123; Bolton, 1995b: 120.
    • Junior synonym of lubbocki: Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2018: 35.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Rakotonirina and Fisher (2018) - Minor. In full-face view, head elongate and rectangular, posterolateral margin rounding to the roughly straight posterior margin. Clypeus with broadly rounded anterior margin and remarkable anterolateral angles; median carina visible and fully developed. Eyes not breaking lateral outlines of head, their posterior margins located far behind the midlength of the head (PoOc/CL: 0.27±0.01; 0.25–0.30). Mandible triangular, apical margin with six sharp teeth. Antennal scape long, its basal half nearly reaching posterior cephalic border. In lateral view, pronotum and anterior portion of mesonotum noticeably convex; posterior portion of mesonotum and propodeal dorsum straight; junction of propodeal dorsum and declivity surface broadly angulate; propodeal dorsum roughly three times longer than height of declivity; propodeal spiracle slit-like. Petiolar node higher than long and tapering dorsally.

Sparse, erect hairs, shorter than height of propodeal declivity and abundant, long pubescence present on dorsum of head, mesosoma, petiole and gaster; body color entirely reddish-black to black.

Major. With characteristics of minor worker, except for the following characters: enlarged head, with slight medial excision on posterior margin; medially concave anterior clypeal margin; apical third of antennal scape surpassing posterior cephalic margin; pronotum and mesonotum forming an even convexity and separated from propodeum by distinct metanotum.

Type Material

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Emery C. 1886. Saggio di un catalogo sistematico dei generi Camponotus, Polyrhachis e affini. Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna 5: 363-382
  • Fisher B. L. 1997. Biogeography and ecology of the ant fauna of Madagascar (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 31: 269-302.
  • Fisher B. L. 2003. Formicidae, ants. Pp. 811-819 in: Goodman, S. M.; Benstead, J. P. (eds.) 2003. The natural history of Madagascar. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, xxi + 1709 pp.
  • Forel A. 1886. Études myrmécologiques en 1886.. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 30: 131-215.
  • Forel A. 1907. Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse. Reise in Ostafrika 2: 75-92.
  • Rakotonirina J. C., and B. L. Fisher. 2018. Taxonomic revision of the Malagasy Camponotus subgenus Mayria Hymenoptera, Formicidae) using qualitative and quantitative morphology. Zootaxa 4438: 1-58.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. IX. A synonymic list of the ants of the Malagasy region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 1005-1055