Brachymyrmex cordemoyi

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Brachymyrmex cordemoyi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Myrmelachistini
Genus: Brachymyrmex
Species: B. cordemoyi
Binomial name
Brachymyrmex cordemoyi
Forel, 1895

Brachymyrmex cordemoyi casent0057420 profile 1.jpg

Brachymyrmex cordemoyi casent0057420 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

A native of the neotropics, this species has been introduced to a number of other regions. Little is known about it potential influence on other ant faunas. Brachymyrmex cordemoyi does not appear to be a pest species, despite it occasionally being found indoors.

Identification

As with all Brachymyrmex species, the presence of only nine antennal segments with a lack of a differentiated antennal club distinguishes workers of Brachymyrmex from other Formicinae genera (Bolton, 1994). This species resembles Brachymyrmex obscurior and Brachymyrmex patagonicus but differs from the former by having a denser pubescence on the gaster and from the latter by its larger head, more ommatidia along the maximal diameter of the eye and lighter-coloured pubescence. The latter feature is denser on the dorsum of the entire body and appressed on the gaster instead of decumbent in B. obscurior (Ortiz-Sepulveda et al., 2019; Hernandez-Teixidor et al., 2020).

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Brachymyrmex cordemoyi is native to the Neotropical region and has been introduced in parts of the Afrotropical, Australasian and Palaearctic regions (Guénard et al., 2017; Husemann & Ortiz-Sepulveda, 2019; Ortiz-Sepulveda et al., 2019). In the Canary Islands, only two populations have been detected, one on Tenerife and one on Gran Canaria (Hernandez-Teixidor et al., 2020).

Brachymyrmex cordemoyi is widespread and known from Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, the USA, Venezuela, and it has been introduced in New Caledonia, Seychelles, Vanuatu, Solomon Island, Saudi Arabia (Sharaf et al., 2016), Europe, and Asia (Ortiz-Sepulveda et al., 2019).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Comoros, Saudi Arabia, United Republic of Tanzania.
Australasian Region: New Caledonia.
Indo-Australian Region: Solomon Islands, Vanuatu.
Malagasy Region: Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion (type locality), Seychelles.
Nearctic Region: United States.
Neotropical Region: Argentina (type locality), Brazil, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Lesser Antilles, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Sharaf et al. (2016) discuss this species introduced to Saudi Arabia: This species was found nesting in soil at the base of a date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in King Saud University campus, Riyadh. Specimens were collected by sifting the soil which was a mixture of sandy clay, with much decaying organic material. Workers were found about 8 cm deep in the soil. Other ant species collected with B. cordemoyi included: Solenopsis abdita (as Solenopsis saudiensis), Nylanderia jaegerskioeldi Tapinoma simrothi and Cardiocondyla mauritanica.

In its introduced range, it has been collected both indoors (Husemann & Ortiz-Sepulveda, 2019) and outdoors, nesting in soil (Sharaf, Salman, Aldhafer, Yousef, & Aldawood, 2016). There is not much information about its effects as an invasive species, but it seems they are mild (Jacquot et al., 2017). However, other species of this genus can act as urban pests, such as Brachymyrmex obscurior or Brachymyrmex patagonicus (Klotz, Mangold, Vail, Davis, & Patterson, 1995; MacGown, Hill, & Deyrup, 2007; Hernandez-Teixidor et al., 2020).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • cordemoyi. Brachymyrmex patagonicus var. cordemoyi Forel, 1895a: 49 (w.) REUNION I.
    • Emery, 1906c: 180 (q.m.).
    • Subspecies of patagonicus: Emery, 1895f: 337; Forel, 1908c: 399; Forel, 1912k: 165; Santschi, 1912e: 533; Bruch, 1915: 535; Luederwaldt, 1918: 48;.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1906c: 179; Forel, 1907g: 86; Forel, 1912i: 62; Bruch, 1914: 227; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 1036; Santschi, 1923b: 658; Wheeler, W.M. 1923c: 5; Emery, 1925b: 41; Borgmeier, 1927c: 141; Santschi, 1933e: 122; Donisthorpe, 1946e: 33; Donisthorpe, 1949e: 274; Kempf, 1972a: 38; Bolton, 1995b: 82; Dorow, 1996a: 84; Blard, et al. 2003: 129; Wild, 2007b: 27; Sharaf, Salman, et al. 2016b: 801 (redescription); Fernández & Ortiz-Sepúlveda, 2019: 728; Ortiz-Sepúlveda, et al. 2019: 483 (redescription).
    • Senior synonym of brevicornoeides: Ortiz-Sepúlveda, et al. 2019: 483.
    • Senior synonym of brevicornis: Ortiz-Sepúlveda, et al. 2019: 483.
    • Senior synonym of distincta: Ortiz-Sepúlveda, et al. 2019: 484.
    • Senior synonym of fuscula: Ortiz-Sepúlveda, et al. 2019: 483.
    • Senior synonym of nigricans: Ortiz-Sepúlveda, et al. 2019: 484.
  • brevicornis. Brachymyrmex brevicornis Emery, 1906c: 180, figs. 38, 40, 41 (w.q.m.) ARGENTINA (Buenos Aires, Salta), PARAGUAY, BRAZIL (Rio Grande do Sul).
    • Status as species: Forel, 1913l: 245; Forel, 1914d: 287; Bruch, 1914: 227; Santschi, 1916e: 395; Santschi, 1923b: 661; Emery, 1925b: 41; Borgmeier, 1927c: 140; Santschi, 1933e: 122; Kempf, 1972a: 38; Bolton, 1995b: 82; Deyrup, et al. 2000: 301; Deyrup, 2003: 44; Quirán, 2005: 765 (redescription).
    • Junior synonym of cordemoyi: Ortiz-Sepúlveda, et al. 2019: 483.
  • brevicornoeides. Brachymyrmex patagonicus var. brevicornoeides Forel, 1914d: 287 (w.q.m.) ARGENTINA (Buenos Aires).
    • Subspecies of patagonicus: Bruch, 1915: 535.
    • Status as species: Bolton, 1995b: 81.
    • Synonym of nigricans: Santschi, 1923b: 657; Kempf, 1972a: 40.
    • [Note: Santschi, and Kempf, give nigricans as senior synonym, but brevicornoeides has priority (Bolton, 1995b: 81).]
    • Junior synonym of cordemoyi: Ortiz-Sepúlveda, et al. 2019: 483.
  • distincta. Brachymyrmex cordemoyi var. distincta Santschi, 1923b: 658, figs. 6, 50, 59 (w.q.) ARGENTINA (Santa Cruz, San Juan; “Delta del Paraná”).
    • Subspecies of cordemoyi: Emery, 1925b: 41; Kempf, 1972a: 38; Bolton, 1995b: 82.
    • Junior synonym of cordemoyi: Ortiz-Sepúlveda, et al. 2019: 484.
  • fuscula. Brachymyrmex levis var. fuscula Emery, 1906c: 178 (w.q.) ARGENTINA (Mendoza).
    • Subspecies of laevis: Bruch, 1914: 227; Santschi, 1916b: 512; Santschi, 1923b: 659; Emery, 1925b: 42; Kempf, 1972a: 40; Bolton, 1995b: 82.
    • Junior synonym of cordemoyi: Ortiz-Sepúlveda, et al. 2019: 483.
  • nigricans. Brachymyrmex cordemoyi var. nigricans Santschi, 1916e: 395.
    • [First available use of Brachymyrmex patagonicus st. cordemoyi var. nigricans Santschi, 1912e: 533 (w.) ARGENTINA (Buenos Aires); unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Bruch, 1915: 535.
    • Status as species: Santschi, 1923b: 657; Emery, 1925b: 43; Santschi, 1931e: 281; Kempf, 1972a: 40.
    • Synonym of brevicornoeides: Santschi, 1923b: 657; Kempf, 1972a: 40.
    • [Note: Santschi, and Kempf, give nigricans as senior synonym, but brevicornoeides has priority (Bolton, 1995b: 81).]
    • Junior synonym of brevicornoeides: Bolton, 1995b: 82.
    • Junior synonym of cordemoyi: Ortiz-Sepúlveda, et al. 2019: 484.

Taxonomic Notes

Deyrup, Davis & Cover (2000) report a single collection of this species (as B. brevicornis) from Columbia County, Florida, in a mesic forested area. However, the identity of this species is problematical and the occurrence of this taxon in Florida needs to be confirmed.

Description

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bruch C. 1914. Catálogo sistemático de los formícidos argentinos. Revista del Museo de La Plata 19: 211-234.
  • Cardoso, D.C., T.G. Sobrinho and J.H. Schoereder. 2010. Ant community composition and its relationship with phytophysiognomies in a Brazilian Restinga. Insectes Sociaux 57:293-301
  • Clemes Cardoso D., and J. H. Schoereder. 2014. Biotic and abiotic factors shaping ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) assemblages in Brazilian coastal sand dunes: the case of restinga in Santa Catarina. Florida Entomologist 97(4): 1443-1450.
  • Clemes Cardoso D., and M. Passos Cristiano. 2010. Myrmecofauna of the Southern Catarinense Restinga sandy coastal plain: new records of species occurrence for the state of Santa Catarina and Brazil. Sociobiology 55(1b): 229-239.
  • Cuezzo, F. 1998. Formicidae. Chapter 42 in Morrone J.J., and S. Coscaron (dirs) Biodiversidad de artropodos argentinos: una perspectiva biotaxonomica Ediciones Sur, La Plata. Pages 452-462.
  • Emery C. 1906. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. XXVI. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 37: 107-194.
  • Favretto M. A., E. Bortolon dos Santos, and C. J. Geuster. 2013. Entomofauna from West of Santa Catarina State, South of Brazil. EntomoBrasilis 6 (1): 42-63.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Forel A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 58: 340-418.
  • Forel A. 1912. Formicides néotropiques. Part VI. 5me sous-famille Camponotinae Forel. Mémoires de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 20: 59-92.
  • Franco W., N. Ladino, J. H. C. Delabie, A. Dejean, J. Orivel, M. Fichaux, S. Groc, M. Leponce, and R. M. Feitosa. 2019. First checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of French Guiana. Zootaxa 4674(5): 509-543.
  • Galkowski C. 2016. New data on the ants from the Guadeloupe (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Bull. Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 151, 44(1): 25-36.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Kusnezov N. 1978. Hormigas argentinas: clave para su identificación. Miscelánea. Instituto Miguel Lillo 61:1-147 + 28 pl.
  • Lutinski J. A., B. C. Lopes, and A. B. B.de Morais. 2013. Diversidade de formigas urbanas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de dez cidades do sul do Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 13(3): 332-342.
  • Menozzi C. 1926. Neue Ameisen aus Brasilien. Zoologischer Anzeiger. 69: 68-72.
  • Ortiz-Sepuvelda C. M., B. Van Bocxlaer, A. D. Meneses, and F. Fernandez. 2019. Molecular and morphological recognition of species boundaries in the neglected ant genus Brachymyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): toward a taxonomic revision. Organisms Diversity & Evolution https://doi.org/10.1007/s13127-019-00406-2
  • Quiran E. 2005. El género neotropical Brachymyrmex Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) en la Argentina. II: redescripción de las especies B. admotus Mayr, de B. brevicornis emery y B. gaucho Santschi. Neotrop. Entomol. 34(5): 761-768.
  • Rosa da Silva R. 1999. Formigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) do oeste de Santa Catarina: historico das coletas e lista atualizada das especies do Estado de Santa Catarina. Biotemas 12(2): 75-100.
  • Santschi F. 1916. Descriptions de fourmis nouvelles d'Afrique et d'Amérique. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 84: 497-513.
  • Santschi F. 1916. Formicides sudaméricains nouveaux ou peu connus. Physis (Buenos Aires). 2: 365-399.
  • Santschi F. 1923. Revue des fourmis du genre Brachymyrmex Mayr. Anales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Buenos Aires 31: 650-678.
  • Suguituru S. S., M. Santina de Castro Morini, R. M. Feitosa, and R. Rosa da Silva. 2015. Formigas do Alto Tiete. Canal 6 Editora 458 pages
  • Ulyssea M.A., C. E. Cereto, F. B. Rosumek, R. R. Silva, and B. C. Lopes. 2011. Updated list of ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) recorded in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil, with a discussion of research advances and priorities. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 55(4): 603-–611.
  • Vittar, F. 2008. Hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de la Mesopotamia Argentina. INSUGEO Miscelania 17(2):447-466
  • Wheeler, William Morton. 1923. Report on the Ants. The University of Iowa Studies in Natural History. 10(3):3-9.
  • Wild, A. L. "A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)." Zootaxa 1622 (2007): 1-55.