Azteca lanuginosa

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Azteca lanuginosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Tribe: Leptomyrmecini
Genus: Azteca
Species: A. lanuginosa
Binomial name
Azteca lanuginosa
Emery, 1893

Azteca lanuginosa casent0905092 p 1 high.jpg

Azteca lanuginosa casent0905092 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

The Ehrhardt series described by Forel (1908b) was from a carton nest on a Cecropia tree.


A member of the Azteca aurita group. See the group page and keys for identification.

Keys including this Species


Southern Brazil.

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -22.908° to -22.908°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.


Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Explore-icon.png Explore Overview of Azteca biology 
All known Azteca species are arboreal, nesting in living or dead wood, or external carton nests. Some species exhibit obligate associations with myrmecophytes, especially of the genus Cecropia (see Chapter 14 of The Ants). Feeding habits are generalized with foraging occurring both arboreally and on the ground.



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • lanuginosa. Azteca lanuginosa Emery, 1893b: 141, pl. 2, fig. 47 (w.) BRAZIL (Santa Catarina).
    • Forel, 1908c: 389 (q.m.).
    • Status as species: Forel, 1895b: 109; Forel, 1908c: 389; Emery, 1913a: 33; Mann, 1916: 472; Luederwaldt, 1918: 47; Borgmeier, 1923: 93; Wheeler, W.M. 1942: 229; Kempf, 1972a: 33; Shattuck, 1994: 20; Bolton, 1995b: 79; Longino, 2007: 56 (redescription); Guerrero, et al. 2010: 54 (in key).

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Longino (2007) - (n=2): HLA 1.25 (1.15–1.35), HW 1.24 (1.14–1.34), SL 0.89 (0.82–0.95), CI 99 (99–99), SI 71 (70–71).

Head shape, mandible shape and sculpture, and pilosity very like Azteca schimperi, but pubescence thicker, woolier; color uniformly brown.


Longino (2007) - (n=1): HLA 1.30, HW 0.96, SL 0.90, CI 74, SI 69.

Similar to the queen of Azteca schimperi, but smaller and much more pilose throughout; setae more dense on legs and scapes, abundant on mesosomal dorsum, petiolar node, and gaster.

Type Material

Holotype worker: Brazil, S. Catharina (Schmalz) Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa (examined).


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Borgmeier T. 1923. Catalogo systematico e synonymico das formigas do Brasil. 1 parte. Subfam. Dorylinae, Cerapachyinae, Ponerinae, Dolichoderinae. Archivos do Museu Nacional (Rio de Janeiro) 24: 33-103.
  • Emery C. 1893. Studio monografico sul genere Azteca Forel. Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna (5)3: 119-152
  • Emery C. 1913. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dolichoderinae. Genera Insectorum 137: 1-50.
  • Forel A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 58: 340-418.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Kusnezov N. 1978. Hormigas argentinas: clave para su identificación. Miscelánea. Instituto Miguel Lillo 61:1-147 + 28 pl.
  • Longino J. T. 2007. A taxonomic review of the genus Azteca (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Costa Rica and a global revision of the aurita group. Zootaxa 1491: 1-63
  • Luederwaldt H. 1918. Notas myrmecologicas. Rev. Mus. Paul. 10: 29-64.
  • Rosa da Silva R. 1999. Formigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) do oeste de Santa Catarina: historico das coletas e lista atualizada das especies do Estado de Santa Catarina. Biotemas 12(2): 75-100.
  • Shattuck S. O. 1994. Taxonomic catalog of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae and Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). University of California Publications in Entomology 112: i-xix, 1-241.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1942. Studies of Neotropical ant-plants and their ants. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 90: 1-262.