Aenictus steindachneri

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Aenictus steindachneri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Aenictus
Species group: rotundatus
Species complex: mariae
Species: A. steindachneri
Binomial name
Aenictus steindachneri
Mayr, 1901

Steindachneri casent0919642 p 1 high.jpg

Steindachneri casent0919642 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


This species can be separated from the rest of the group as it presents a quite dense white pubescence directed backwards at the meso and especially at the metapleurae. The other species may present some isolated small setae, but never becoming pubescent in appearance. It also presents the most developed propodeal process of the four species in this complex.

Its general shape, size and colour might resemble Aenictus rotundatus, but can be separated due to its shorter scapes (SIL >60 for rotundatus) and cited pubescence.

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -20° to -24.90867°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: South Africa (type locality), Zimbabwe.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.


Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




Known only from the worker caste.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • steindachneri. Aenictus steindachneri Mayr, 1901b: 2 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: South Africa: Orange Free State, Reddersburg (H. Brauns).
    • Type-depository: NHMW.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1904a: 111; Emery, 1910b: 31; Santschi, 1914b: 69; Arnold, 1915: 139; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 754; Bolton, 1995b: 60; Hita Garcia, et al. 2013: 201.
    • Distribution: Kenya, South Africa.

Type Material

  • Syntypes, SOUTH AFRICA: Orange [CASENT0911440] (4w) NHMB [Examined by Gomez, 2022]; Syntype, SOUTH AFRICA: Free State, Reddesburg (1w) [CASENT0919642] NMHW: Coll. Mayr [Examined by Gomez, 2022]; Syntypes, SOUTH AFRICA: Free State, Orange (Arnold) (6w) MHNG: Coll. Forel [Examined by Gomez, 2022].

Gomez (2022): There is a series of 8 workers at MNHW from Reddesburg, identified by E. Mayr as types for “A. rotundatus laevigatus”, probably part of the type series for A. steindachneri, but not labelled as such.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Arnold G. 1915. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part I. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14: 1-159.
  • Borowiec M. L. 2016. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dorylinae (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). ZooKeys 608: 1–280.